Musea de la Memoria y de los Derechos Humanos
by Estudio America: Carlos Dias, Lucas Ferh, Mario Figueroa 2008-2009
Santiago de Chile
The Museum of Memory and Human Rights is situated at the junction of three municipalities: Quinta Normal, Santiago, and Estacion Central. A pure volume sits above a public space, strongly reminiscent of Lina Bo Bardi's Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo, or Paulo Mendes de Rocha's Museu Brasileiro de Escultura. The project is divided into two parts: the Memory Square - a paved public space set into the ground - and the museum, a large parallelipiped floating above. The Memory Square is accessible by ramps and stairs, and hostst open-air events. The Museum, café, auditorium, documentation centre, and underground parking are all accessed via the square. The museum resides in the large suspended volume, seated over two water ponds that emphasise the levitation effect. The monolithic and opaque aspect of the volume is actually a filtering façade made of copper mesh panels placed in front of a random structure and glazed curtain wall. The shorter façades are hollow and give to the volume a tubular aspect. The building includes three levels of museum space which illustrates the history of Chile from the 1973 coup to the end of the military regime. An atrium connects the different levels around an art piece composed of victims' pictures. Circulations are set on the perimeter of the space, allowing visitors to escape the trauma of the exhibition by enjoying the outside view.
Source: Architectural Guide Chile by Véronique Hours/Fabien Mauduit - Dom Publishers 2016 ISBN 978-3-86922-394-0